But long-standing quotas still kept Asian immigration at a minimum for another two decades. For much of the s, Americans had taken on an increasingly positive view of China. The armed forces and defense industries began hiring Chinese Americans, and young Chinese men eagerly volunteered or participated in the military draft. Meanwhile, the number of Chinese Americans in professional and technical jobs increased threefold between and , with a concentration on engineers and technicians.
Overturning Exclusion, Limiting Immigration
The Planet Mongo Project | The Asia-Pacific Triangle
To follow up, here are a few brief notes about the Asia-Pacific Triangle, which replaced the barred zone. Also known as the McCarran-Walter Act, the act attempted a synthesis and overhaul of American immigration and naturalization policies and procedures in the midst of early Cold War tensions. World War Two and its aftermath had already seen changes in U. The acts, nevertheless, also allowed Chinese, Indian, and Filipino immigrants in the United States to file for naturalized citizenship. As with the Magnuson and Luce-Cellar Acts, exclusion was removed, but significant quota restrictions, which had been further enumerated including the addition of blood quantum criterion in the Nationality Act of , remained. The Triangle was similarly delineated using geographic lines of latitude and longitude, expanding the original zone and shifting it slightly to the east. Here is a map with the lines of the Asiatic Barred Zone marked in gold and those of the Asia-Pacific Triangle marked in purple:.
Immigrants and Refugees
Printer-friendly Cite. Learn more ». The Act allotted nominal immigration quotas to Japan and the rest of Asia, but the racial basis of these quotas limited their actual impact. It also eliminated race as a basis for naturalization, making Japanese and other foreign-born Asians eligible to become American citizens for the first time. Highly controversial, the McCarran-Walter Act had to overcome widespread opposition and a presidential veto before taking effect in June
Spurred to political engagement by anti-Asian discrimination, he became the first voting Member of Asian descent in the United States Congress in When Dalip Saund first came to the United States from northern India in , he had planned to stay for only a few years, pursue his education, and return home. Saund moved to California, where anti-Asian policies had created an entire community of second-class citizens. By midcentury, Saund had carved out what he considered to be a good life in the States.